amritsar Travel Guide

Welcome to Amritsar

Amritsar,pool of nectar and city of the Golden Temple 

Origin of the city 
Amritsar is one of the largest cities of the Punjab state in India. The city origin lies in the village of Tung, and was named after the lake founded by the fourth Sikh Guru Ram Das in 1574 on land bought by him for 700 rupees from the owners of the village of Tung. 

In the first two hundred years of its history Amritsar was called Ramdaspur, or Chak Ramdas, or simply Chak Guru, because it was Guru Ramdas who under the able guidance of his predecessor, Guru Amar Das, wanted to found a township in a sacred spot where a tank had been dug in the year 1573 which is the present site of the amrit-sarovar. By 1577, the digging of the tank was complete. Devotees started coming from far and near. Some of them decided to settle down permanently in the fast upcoming township in the vicinity of the sacred sarovar. By 1581, This Township became well established and came to be known as Ramdaspur.  

Known for 

Amritsar lays out a huge number of options for the ladies. Salwar suits, jutis, jewellery and trinkets are found in abundance in the shops of Amritsar.

You cannot possibly leave Amritsar without picking up the lip smacking Amritsari papads and wadiyans from here. Moreover, the rural women of the region make a variety of pickles, jams and jellies are also some things that you can carry back home. 

The traditional Phulkari work and sandalwood carvings are also some of the famous things in Amritsar that are found in Kapra Market.

Amritsar is very famous for woolen garments like shawls, sweaters and mufflers. These are high quality woolen items and they are found in Hall Bazar. Blankets and carpets woven by the rural women of Punjab are also sold in Amritsar.

Religious paraphernalia like khandas, Karas (sikh religious bangle), swords, daggers and Sikh symbols made in metals etc are popular among pilgrims visiting the Golden Temple.

Places to visit 

Golden temple
It is one of the most sacred pilgrimage spots for Sikhs. The temple derives its name from its fully golden dome. The temple is built over marble and is two storied high structure. Guru Ram Das, the fourth Guru of Sikhs had initially built a pool here which currently houses the Temple. The Granth Sahib is kept in the Temple during day time and at night it is kept in the Akal Takht or Eternal Throne. The Akal Takht also contains the ancient weapons used by the Sikh warriors. There is also a Central Sikh Museum on top of the clock tower. The 'Guru Ka Langar'5 offers free food to approximately two thousand people everyday with number going up to one lakh on special occasions. A visitor to the temple must cover his or her head all the time while in the temple premises.

Wagah Border  
Wagah is the only road border crossing between Pakistan and India between Aritsar and Lahore cities.Wagah also termed as Wagha in Pakistan.The international border between India and Pakistan is located at a distance of 28 km from Amritsar. The ceremonial display of the Beating Retreat and Change of Guard makes it an extraordinary spectacle. The soldiers from both countries demonstrate great enthusiasm and spirit as nationalistic fervor rises amidst roaring applause.

Jallianwala Bagh 
In 1919, the British under the command of General Dyer fired randomly on a peaceful gathering of people in demand of freedom,resulting in hundreds of men, women and children killed on the spot. The bullet marks on the boundary walls bring alive the agonizing tale of cruelty of the British rule. This event was one of the major incidents of Indias freedom struggle. The memorial well is also present here in which some people jumped to escape the firing. The story of the massacre is told in the Martyr' s Gallery at the site.

Akal Takht 
Just near the Golden Temple of Amritsar and opposite to the marbled Darshni Deorhi, the Akal Takht stands pretty. Considered the highest seat of the Sikh authority, the Akal Takht was built by Guru Hargovind in the year 1609. Shri Hargovind was the sixth guru of the Sikhs who made immense contribution to popularize the religion. Regarded as the Lord' home, it is called - Akal Bunga.

Area 170 km²
Population 1132761
Language Punjabi
Pin Code 143001

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