pune Travel Guide

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Welcome to Pune

Pune,The Cultural Capital Of Maharashtra 

Introduction 
Pune is one of the ninth largest metropolitan city which is situated in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is one of the most famous cities of India and the second largest city of Maharashtra and used to be called Poona. The city has become a popular tourist destination in recent years and is located in the east of the Western Ghats encircling some of the well known weekend destinations like Khandala and Lonavala. It lies on the Deccan plateau at the convergence of the Mula and Mutha rivers. This beautiful city was once well known as the center of power of the Maratha Empire. It has emerged as an educational hub of the country as many renowned institutions have opened their branches here. Pune tourism has many attractions in Pune to offer like Aga Khan Palace, National War Museum, Osho Ashram, Saras Garden, Tulsi Baug. This beautiful city is also famous as cultural capital of Maharashtra and it also famous for manufacturing glass, sugar and forging industries. This city of Maharashtra is renowned for its cultural activities such as classical music, spirituality, theater, sports, and literature.

History 
The history of the city dates from the year 847 AD and was the first capital of Shivaji. The City of Pune or Punyenagari as it was called in its earliest avatar has a long history of different dynasties, warring armies, corrupt kings, legendary heroes and Machiavellian politician - rulers. It is believed that a little fortified town existed here some two thousand years ago before its strategic position on the trade routes between the kingdoms of the Deccan Plateau and the Arabian Sea brought it prosperity and prominence during the early Hindu period. The great Maratha leader Shivaji grew up in the city and made Pune the capital of the Maratha Empire he established in the 17th century. After Shivaji’s death, his heirs could not hold his empire together and so their dynasty declined and power passed to the Peshwa, the first of a long line of professional administrators. Under the Peshwas, Pune acquired great political importance and became well known as a centre of learning and culture.

Tourism 
Pune is one of popular cities of India and forms a major destination of the state Maharashtra. The city has all what a travelers seeks for a perfect holiday. The natural beauty and various tourist sites allure a lot of Indian as well International travelers to Pune. Some of the important places of interest to visit in Pune include National War museum, Ramamani Iyengar Yoga institute, Aga Khan Palace, Pataleshwar Cave temples, Parvati Hill, Osho ashram, Shaniwar Wada. The city also directs travelers to the divine pilgrimage site Shirdi that is strongly associated with Sai Baba. One can also go on excursion to hill stations of the state that are in vicinity to Pune namely, Lonavala, Rajmachi, Panchgani and Mahabaleshwar.

Places to visit 

Pataleshwar Cave Temple
Pataleshwar Cave Temple is one of the most famous temple located in Pune. It was constructed in 8th century and many of its stones date back to 700 to 800 AD. The temple is located across the river in Shivaji nagar on Jangali Maharaj Road. The Pataleshwar Cave Temples is dedicated to Lord Pataleshwar- the God of Underwater and Lord Shiva. The design of these temples is similar to those of Elephanta Cave.

Parvati Hill
Parvati Hill is a most visited place in Pune. It is situated in the southern end of the city and it takes 108 steps to climb atop the hill to get a magnificent view of the city. The hill has four temples dedicated to Shiva, Ganesh, Vishnu and Kartikeya respectively situated on top of the hill. The place also has a close association with the Peshwa rulers and is also a part of the Maratha history.

Rajiv Gandhi Zoological Park
Rajiv Gandhi Zoological Park is a major tourist attraction in Pune. It spreads over an area of 165 arces. It is popularly known as the Rajiv Gandhi Zoo and is managed by the Pune Municipal Corporation. The zoo contains an animal orphanage, a snake park, and a zoo, along with the 42-acre Katraj Lake.

Saras Garden
Saras Garden is a most popular and beautiful garden located in Pune. It is constructed by Nanasaheb Peshwa and has large numbers of fountains and lush green lawns. In the garden, a temple is also present. The garden also contains Ganesh Murthi Museum, enclosing large number of Ganesh statues.

Area 710 km²
Population 3115431
Language Hindi, Marathi
Pin Code 411001

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